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The plants that we give for our arrangements are chosen for their quality, and beauty.
The first thing to do when you bring this home is to find a suitable place to place this. Ideally this should be near a window, where that plant will receive plenty of natural light. Whereas the Dendrobium plant need more light than others, and can be exposed to the direct sun in the mornings and evenings, the Phalaenopsis plant should not be exposed to the direct sun, but should be given adequate natural light, as far as possible. If you see the leaves scorching, it indicates too much light, or direct sun, and the plant would need to be shifted accordingly. Place the plant so that the flowers and buds face the light, so that they can open naturally without having to twist to face the light. Once all the flowers have opened, the plant can be placed in any direction

It should be appreciated that plants supplied in arrangements will need different watering care as compared to plants in pots. The main reason for this is that the planters do not contain drainage holes, and excess watering will lead to a flooding around the roots, which will harm the plants.

We recommend that that about a quarter of a cup of water be given to the plants twice a week, or as needed. Put your finger into the soil….if it feels very wet, skip the watering. Always be wary of over-watering, and avoid having water collect at the base of the container. Misting the leaves (not the flowers) daily with a spray bottle will help, especially if the arrangements contain ferns or other plants

It is natural for the lower leaf/leaves to yellow, and eventually drop off. If you think this looks ungainly, you may cut off the leaf. The top leaves, however, should remain unaffected.

The blossoms are expected to last a few weeks. During the flowering stage, it is not advisable to use any fertilizer.

After all the blooms have died, you should remove the plant from its arrangement. Should you want to continue care for the plants, we recommend that moss bound plants, like the Phalaenopsis, be repotted. In the case of coconut husk bound plants, like the Dendrobium, there is no need of an immediate repot. Plastic pots are supplied with the plants in the arrangements, and these can continue to be used to keep the plants

Care of the plants hereon would be according to the tips given in the general section for orchid care. Since the plants are no longer in planters, but in pots with regular drainage holes, care on watering will differ.

The Phalaenopsis refers to a butterfly, because the flowers resemble them. They have also been called the moth orchid. These striking orchid plants are easy to grow, provided some basic needs are met, and will surely rank as one of the most rewarding ornamental plants to have in your home, as they have very pleasing and elegant flowers. This is a good plant for beginners to start out with, as it is relatively easy to maintain, is not very demanding, and if you make a mistake, you will find it very forgiving.

As with all plants, there are some main factors to look out for, viz. temperature, light, water, and humidity. Feeding is another need that you should be aware of.

Phalaenopsis are a relatively warm growing, and their ideal temperature needs are about 30C day and 17C night, although they can handle higher temperatures in the mid thirties, if humidity levels are maintained at high levels, along with some air circulation. On the low side, temperatures below 14 should be avoided. However, these lower temperatures can become desirable when spiking is initiated.

Light

Phalaenopsis need a relatively low amount of light. Direct sun falling upon the plant, and overheating, are not desirable at all. Ideally, they need bright light, without any sun. For the science buff, their ideal needs vary from 1200 to 2000 Foot Candles of light. For people like you and me, just place your hand about 12” over the plant. If you see a very light and fuzzy shadow, the light needs are about right. If the shadow is sharp, you should look at reducing the light levels. One way to tell if the light needs are adequate is to observe the colour of the leaves. Ideally the colour should be dark green. Lime green, or yellowing leaves are a sign of too much light.

Water

It is impossible to give a fixed frequency of watering, as this is dependant on the season, temperatures, media used, and type of pot, weather clay or plastic.

It is impossible to give a fixed frequency of watering, as this is dependant on the season, temperatures, media used, and type of pot, weather clay or plastic.

Whereas the plant likes to have its roots wet, they don’t like being soggy wet, as this is sure way for the roots to rot. Water when the top of the media has become dry, or put your finger into the media. If it feels very wet, skip watering that day. If it feels slightly wet, give a good watering, allowing the water to run through. In any case, the medium should not be allow to dry out completely.

Humidity

Requirements of humidity for the Phalaenopsis are dependant on the temperature. The higher the temperature, higher is the humidity need. On an average, humidity should be at least 60 percent and in the summer months, this should be increased to a minimum of 75 percent.

Feeding

Like with all orchids, it is best to spray liquid fertilizer on the leaves. It is also recommended that the strength of the fertilizer be weak and the spraying more frequent. A fertilizer strength of 19-19-19 is considered good for day to day use. We suggest that you use half the recommended concentration of such a fertilizer on a weekly basis.

Potting

A mature plant needs to be repotted every 2 to 3 years after it has finished flowering. Potting material used is of a varied nature and can be moss, small pieces of brick, charcoal, coconut husk, etc or a mix of these items. What is important is that the potting mix should be airy and allow the roots to grow freely within this mix.
Dendrobiums love it hot! They also like neglect. There are of course many types of Dendrobiums - with “Dendrobium – Phalaenopsis variety” the easiest to care for. These are the variety of orchids that we are giving information on below

Water

Water your plant when, after lifting the pot, it feels completely light in weight. Or, you can stick a pencil down into the mix and when it comes out you can judge if there is enough moisture. If the pencil shaved area wood color is light, there is not much moisture, and if it is dark, it has absorbed water. In any case, because the stems of Dendrobiums are fleshy, and store water, they can be allowed to dry out in between each watering, making sure that when the watering is done, it runs freely through the pot.

Dendrobiums are from very tropical areas. Ideally, they need high humidity, at above 60%. Hotter the weather more should be the humidity.

Light

Dendrobiums need a lot of light. Although they cannot handle the full mid-day sun, they will like some sun in the early morning and evening hours. Filtered sunlight works very well with them. In fact, try to give them as much light as possible without scorching the leaves…they will flower better.

Air

Air movement is very important to prevent water or mold from getting in the leaf joints. To get good air movement, open a window or add a small fan to your room, not aiming directly on the Orchids but just to get air movement. If you do get mold, clean the plant with soap and water. A nursery should ensure good circulation of air movement, especially in the monsoon months, as there is a greater danger of fungal problems during these wet conditions.

Feeding

Fertilize fairly often with a 19-19-19 fertilizer. We prefer weekly, weakly, where you should foliar feed the plants at half the recommended dosage. Every month, however, water the plant freely to leach out accumulated salts in the media.

Temperature

A temperature of about 16C is the coolest you can have before flowers will suffer. Dendrobiums prefer regular warm/hot temperatures of about 28C to 30C day and 20C to 22Cnight. However, they can handle higher temperatures, and when these conditions are experienced, it is advisable to increase the humidity levels accordingly.

1. After all the flowers have withered, cut the flower stalk off near the base.
2. Lift the plant from the pot, and remove the media from the roots. Be gentle and patient while doing this, as you don’t want to excessively damage the roots.

Watering the media before you start will help.
3.Cut off parts of the root structure which is blackened and rotted.
4. Put the plant into the pot (which should be thoroughly washed and cleaned). Place the media around the roots gently pressing this down. Ensure the media surrounds the roots completely, both within, and without. The crown of the plant (where the leaves start their growth) should be above the level of the media.
5.When finished, give the plant a good watering. Either allow the water to run freely through the media, or dip the pot and media into a bucket of water for a few moments. Place the pot on a surface for sometime to allow the water to run through before placing it back into the planter.